Lifestyle modification in management of diabetes mellitus. Sahay BK, Sahay RK.

J Indian Med Assoc 2002 Mar;100(3):178-80

Department of Medicine, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad.

India has the largest diabetic population in the world. Change in eating habits, increasing weight and decreased physical activity are major factors leading to increased incidence of type 2 diabetes. Obesity is the most important modifiable risk factor. Smoking is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diet and exercise are primary therapeutic options for its management. Dietary management should not only aim to achieve glycaemic control but to normalise dyslipidaemia. Smoking cessation reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality in CAD. Exercise improves the condition of a diabetic patient. Exercise includes yoga practices which have a role to play in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.

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