The problems of hypertension in the elderly. Arya SN.

J Indian Med Assoc 2000 Apr;98(4):176-9

IMA College of General Practitioners, New Delhi.

The cut off age for elderly person in India is 60-65 years, in the USA is 75-80 years and 6th Joint Committee on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) has identified it as above 60 years. Elderly people may have (i) systolic-diastolic hypertension, (ii) isolated systolic hypertension or (iii) pseudohypertension. JNC-VI has classified hypertension in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 according to its severity. Hypertension is confirmed when BP measured on three separate occasions over 1-2 weeks and when consistently it is raised above 140/90 mm Hg. The management includes lifestyle modification and drug treatment. Lifestyle modification includes rationality of diet, regular exercise, stop smoking, stoppage of alcohol or moderation and yoga. Drugs commonly used are diureties and beta-blockers. Other antihypertensive drugs are calcium channel blockers, ACE-inhibitors, alpha-blockers and vasodilators.

Categories: Heart